How to Check Cholesterol at Home in an Easy Way5 min read
In general, cholesterol is a waxy, fat-like substance produced naturally by the liver.
It is important for the body as it helps in the formation of cell membranes, vitamin D, and certain hormones.
Cholesterol doesn’t dissolve in water, so it needs another substance to travel through the blood.
On the other hand, Lipoproteins are another kind of particles which is also formed in the liver, and their role is to transport cholesterol through the bloodstream.
Fats and cholesterol are found in our everyday food and we are consuming excessive quantities of them, though our body doesn’t need any kind of cholesterol as the liver produces all the needed quantity.
When we eat foods having the excessive amounts of fat, the levels of LDL cholesterol in our body will increase causing high cholesterol or hypercholesterolemia.
Additionally, things become even worst if levels of HDL cholesterol are too low and the levels of LDL cholesterol are too high.
Detecting High Cholesterol Levels
Usually, there are no visible symptoms to discover that the cholesterol levels are increasing in your body before you get a serious problem like a heart attack or stroke.
Therefore, you must eat healthy food, do some sports and monitor your cholesterol level every couple of days to discover and avoid any increase in the cholesterol levels which leads to many serious health problems including a heart attack or stroke.
How to check cholesterol at home
You can easily measure the cholesterol levels using a cholesterol home test kit.
First of all, prick your finger with the lancet, then put the drop of blood on the test strip.
After few minutes, the chemicals of the cholesterol home test strip will change the color. Match the new color with the color guide which is included with the kit to know the result.
Sounds easy, right?
Or you can make a blood test, the normal results must be approximately:
Total cholesterol: less than 200 mg/dL
Level of LDL: less than 100 mg/dL
Level of HDL: 40 mg/dL or higher
Level of triglyceride: less than 150 mg/dL
Those recommendations are for the people of normal conditions. Persons suffering from diabetes, blood pressure and other problems have different levels.
Your doctor can tell you how much your healthy levels should be.
What Causes High Cholesterol Level
High cholesterol is a genetic disease which mean that it is caused by the way in which your genes instruct your body to process cholesterol and fats and it is usually transmitted to you from your parents or grandparents ;however, you can control it easily by avoiding, as much as possible, any unhealthy foods which contain high quantities of cholesterol, saturated fats, and trans fats.
Such foods are found everywhere in our kitchens, including red meat, liver and other organ meats, deep fried foods (potato chips, french fries, fried chicken and onion rings), peanut butter, muffins, cocoa butter, palm oil, coconut oil, full fat dairy products like cheese milk, ice cream, butter, eggs (the yolk), chocolate and many others.
There are few other conditions which may also contribute to high cholesterol like smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes and hypothyroidism .
Pay attention that high cholesterol is a genetic problem, then it may pass down from you to your children.
Who Is at Risk for High Cholesterol?
You have a higher risk of suffering from high cholesterol if
One of your family suffers from high cholesterol
You eat food containing excessive amounts of saturated fat( butter, oils, etc.)
You are overweight or obese
You suffer from serious problems like diabetes, kidney disease, or hypothyroidism
How Is High Cholesterol Treated?
Most of the time, doing some daily exercises for at least 15 minutes daily and following a healthy diet (free of fats, cholesterol, oil, butter, etc.) are enough to decrease cholesterol levels.
Ginger, lemons, apples, cinnamon, cumin and many other food and spices can be natural remedies to treat cholesterol.
However, medication is needed in some cases, especially if the HDL levels are very low and LDL levels are very high.
Therefore, if exercises and diet are not enough to solve your high cholesterol problem, you have to consult your doctor.
Medications to Treat High Cholesterol Levels
In advanced cases, your doctor may give you a medicine to treat your high cholesterol problems, and he is most likely to prescribe a statin.
Statins are the most commonly prescribed medications to cure high cholesterol.
These medicines prevent the liver from producing more cholesterol and decrease the blood levels of LDL cholesterol and triglycerides.
Additionally, some of them also raise the LDL levels, the “good” cholesterol.
Atorvastatin (Lipitor), Simvastatin (Zocor) Fluvastatin (Lescol) and Rosuvastatin (Crestor) are the most famous statins used to treat high cholesterol levels.
How to Follow a Healthy Diet?
The bad habits of our lifestyle typically worthens the high cholesterol problem, so making some changes can play a big role in lowering these levels.
Follow these steps to lower the cholesterol levels in your body:
Eat food containing saturated and trans fats like fried food, oils, butter, etc
Eat big quantities of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
Eat fish like salmon, mackerel, and herring which contain omega-3 fatty acids, this is capable of lowering your LDL cholesterol
Omega -3 can be also found in walnuts, ground flaxseeds and almonds, so eat these snacks too
Eat the white part of eggs and avoid the yolks
Avoid drinking excessive amounts of alcohol or taking drugs
Practice some exercises for at least 15 minutes a day, five days a week
you can try those 10 Brilliant Ways to Quit Smoking Naturally
Drink fresh juices and a plenty of water
Use a cholesterol home test kit to test levels of cholesterol in your body and record the results to show them to your doctor
Following a healthy lifestyle and avoiding some of the bad habits can be really very useful and saves your life. Therefore, try to control your cholesterol level before it controls your life.