Health Care

Blood in Semen: Don’t Panic and Find Out the Reasons5 min read

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Blood in Semen, which is also called Hematospermia, is a problem which can make any man freaks out. However, although it may seem scary, it is not always as dangerous as it may not be a symptom of a major medical problem.

In most cases, blood in semen, especially bleeding after sex, disappears on its own for men younger than 40 years, especially if they don’t have any medical conditions. On the other hand, blood in semen for men above 40 years old, may signal some health problems so it needs evaluation and treatment.

This case is not always as dangerous as it may not be a symptom of a major medical problem.

 

Symptoms of blood in semen

Blood in semen (as well as bleeding after sex) is usually easy to diagnose as you can see it with your own eyes. Additionally, there are few symptoms which may help diagnose the problem, including:

1- Having a painful urination

2- Feeling some pain with ejaculation

3- Observing Blood in urine and semen.

4- Bleeding after sex.

5- Having some pains.especially Lower back pain.

6- Swelling in the testes, scrotum or the groin area.

7- Tenderness in the testes, scrotum or the groin area.

8- High Fever.

The above symptoms are usually accompanied by observing a blood in the semen, but they are not all-inclusive.

Causes of blood in semen

Blood in semen (as well as bleeding after sex) is usually easy to diagnose as you can see it with your own eyes.

Many causes may be the reason for Blood in the semen depending on the medical state and the age of the person, including:

1- Infection and inflammation.

Infection and inflammation are considered the most common causes of the presence of blood in the semen and bleeding after sex. Any infection or inflammation in the blood vessels, glands, ducts which are responsible for producing or even moving semen from the body can cause blood in semen. This case includes infections and inflammation of the prostate (this gland is responsible for producing the fluid part of semen), urethra (this tube is the carrier of urine and semen from the penis), seminal vesicles, epididymis and vas deferens (these are tiny tube-like structures where the sperm mature before ejaculation).

Additionally, blood in semen can be also caused by chlamydia, gonorrhea or any other STI (sexually transmitted infection).

As a result, statistics showed that 4 of 10 cases of blood in semen are caused by infections and inflammations.

2- Obstruction.

This is another cause for blood in semen as the tiny tubes or ducts in the reproductive tract are often blocked for many reasons, which cause breakages of blood vessels and releasing small amounts of blood. This blood may appear in the semen.  

3- Trauma or a medical procedure.

It is normal to see blood in semen after prostate biopsy.

After a prostate biopsy, chances are higher that you may see some blood in the semen. Actually, four out of five men may face this problem for a short time after the surgery.

 

4- Tumors.

Although only 3.5% of men seeing blood in semen actually have a tumor, it is still considered the main cause for blood in semen. Therefore, most doctors link blood in semen to cancer of reproductive and urinary tract organs like testicles and bladder. The risks of these problems are higher for older men.

 

5- Polyps

Polyps are benign growths appear in the reproductive tract. They are not actually a sign of any medical problem, but they may cause blood in semen.

 

6- Blood vessel problems.

Blood vessels are involved in the prostate, the tiny tubes that carry sperm, etc. and any damage of these vessels will cause the presence of blood in the semen.

Fortunately, 85% of cases of blood in semen come from a known cause and the blood goes away after a short time without medical treatment, but doctors still recommend doing some tests to make sure that you don’t have any tumor.

 

Prognosis of Blood in Semen

When it comes to blood in semen, the prognosis is not stable as it differs from one person to another and with respect to ages.

In most cases, the cause of blood in semen can be easily identified, and it disappears after a short time without any medicines.

However, in certain cases, cancer may cause of this problem and such cases are serious and need specific treatments.

 

How Long Does Blood in Semen Last?

in most cases the presence of blood in semen is temporarily and will go by itself without any treatment.

Except in case of dangerous situations like tumors and cancer, the presence of blood in semen is temporarily and will go by itself without any treatment. It may take up to 6 months to go diminish. However, if it lasts for more, this means that your state is not normal and you need to see a doctor and do some tests.

According to many doctors, if you see blood in semen or you witness bleeding after sex for more than one week, you have to take it seriously and not waste any time as in case of tumors and prostate cancers, the earlier you discover it, the bigger chance you have to fight it and heal from it.

Maintaining a good health is the key for a happy and comfortable life, so you have to take care of your health and ask the doctor’s help even for the tiniest problem. Remember that the sooner you discover the presence of any disease, the chances for a complete recover will be higher.

 

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