Health Care

All you need to know about Eczema4 min read

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Eczema is a common medical condition in which patches of skin become rough and inflamed, with blisters that cause itching and bleeding, sometimes resulting from a reaction to irritation, it affects infants, children, teenagers and adults equally. However,  more typically having no obvious external cause.

Fast Facts on Eczema

Here are some key points about eczema. More detailed information in the main article:

. Eczema’s symptoms may be triggered by food such as nuts and dairy, and environmental factors such as smoking or pollen.

. The treatment focuses on healing the damaged skin.

. Eczema is not a infectious condition.

Eczema signs :

its symptoms depends on your age and the specific type of eczema that you have.

 

Eczema is a very highly individual condition, its symptoms depends on your age and the specific type of eczema that you have.

  • Extreme to severe itching, especially at night or when the air is hot/humid. Then the eczema inflammation will develop after you scratch the affected area
  • Red to brownish-gray rashes on your skin, particularly on the hands, feet, wrists, ankles, nape, upper chest, around the eyes, inside the elbows and behind the knees
  • Small papules or blisters, which may ooze and crust over when you scratch it
  • Dry, cracked, thickened and/or scaly skin
  • Sensitive, inflamed skin from scratching or rubbing

For some people, eczema worsens periodically and then clears up for some time, sometimes even lasting several years. You can increase your chances of remaining symptom-free or prevent your flare-up from getting worse simply by avoiding certain factors.

You should avoid the factors that causes eczema
Dry skin, which can result from long hot bath
Frequent drying and wetting of the skin, because it impairs the skin barrier function
Harsh chemicals found in soaps, cleaners, cosmetics, as these have a drying effect and itching
Allergens, such as dust, mold, pollen, smoke and pet dander.

The immune system overreacts to the allergen, causing inflammation-producing cells to become active. These cells release chemicals that cause redness and itching

Eggs, milk, nuts, and other food allergens, especially in infants and children
Clothing, blankets and carpets made of wool, or any other coarse fabric
Poorly fitting clothes that rub against the skin
Sudden changes in heat and humidity
Bacterial and viral infections
Excessive sweating

 

Scratching or rubbing your skin in response will just worsen it, and it will increase inflammation. According to Dr. Rob Hicks, “Scratching may bring temporary relief to the itch, but it actually triggers the release of the chemical called histamine, which just causes more itching.”.This is why you should resist it to scratch no matter how itchy it gets.

Is there eczema cure?

Before trying medical remedies, try to manage home remedies

Although there is no cure for eczema, it is manageable and still you can put the symptoms under control and stay healthy.

Before trying medical remedies, try to manage home remedies, it would be better than medical ones, because the conventional treatment for eczema is the use of topical corticosteroids, topical calcineurin inhibitors (TCIS) and systematic oral drugs, and this will cause many effects on your skin or your body, like thinning your skin or hair follicles. So this is why you should try home remedies before you decide to go to the doctors.

Try those home remedies for eczema :

1.Coconut oil which is known by its antibacterial, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties. Apply it on the infected skin a few times a day, 2 to 4 tablespoons may also strengthen your immune system and lessen symptoms.

2.Aleo vera :  It offers antibacterial and regenerative properties that make it a popular ingredient in skin care products.

Aloe vera were actually approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for accelerating the healing of burns back in 1959. To treat eczema symptoms, extract the gel from a fresh aloe leaf and apply directly to your skin.

  1. Indian lilac:Known for its deadening, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and antimicrobial properties, it can help relieve eczema symptoms such as pain, It is also a good source of essential fatty oils and vitamin E, which help moisturize your skin.

Lifestyle changes :

Stress can trigger or intensify symptoms. Ways to reduce stress include:

  • doing deep breathing exercises
  • practicing yoga
  • meditating
  • listening to relaxing music
  • prioritizing a good night’s sleep

A cold compress can help alleviate itching, as can soaking for 15 to 20 minutes in a warm or lukewarm bath.

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